Recognition and Enforcement of Arbitral Awards - study on public policy (2015)

The Subcommittee on Recognition and Enforcement of Arbitral Awards conducted over 2014/2015 a comparative study on 'public policy' as a defence to the recognition and enforcement of arbitral awards under the New York Convention. For such purpose, the Subcommittee has solicited and received reports from Arbitration Committee members reporting jurisdiction by jurisdiction on the treatment of public policy by the domestic courts in the context of enforcement of foreign arbitral awards.

Each country report indicates its author(s) who may be contacted who may be contacted with questions or suggestions.

If you have questions, comments or suggestions generally about the general and country reports, or if you want to prepare a country report for a country not yet covered by the study, please contact the Chair of the Subcommittee, Pascal Hollander, Hanotiau & van den Berg, Brussels, at

These reports are not intended as and must not be considered as legal advice.

Argentina Australia Austria
Belgium Brazil Canada
Chile China Colombia
Egypt England European Union
Finland France Germany 1
Germany 2 Greece India
Indonesia Israel Italy
Japan Kenya Lebanon
Mexico 1 Mexico 2 Nigeria
Pakistan Paraguay Paraguay-Mercosur
Peru Poland Portugal
Russia Singapore Spain
Sweden Switzerland The Netherlands
Turkey United Arab Emirates Uruguay
United States 1 United States 2 Venezuela