Glossary - C

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z


Capacity Building ¤
Refers to activities which, through technical assistance, strengthen the knowledge, abilities, skills and behaviour of individuals and improve institutional structures and processes. The IBAHRI capacity building programme specifically involves the support to bar associations and law societies worldwide.

Capital Markets Forum ♦
The Capital Markets Forum is a private sector initiative set up to monitor and assist in the orderly development of capital markets. This is a committee of the Financial Services Section.

Case
An action, suit or claim in a court of law. It can also mean the arguments put forward by parties in a court of law.

Charitable Trusts
A trust by the terms of which the income is to be applied exclusively for purposes of a charitable nature.

Charity
Any institution, corporate or not, which is established for charitable purposes and is subject to the control of the High Court in the exercise of the court’s jurisdiction with respect to charities.

CLE
See Continuing Legal Education.

Clearing and Settlement of Financial Securities Subcommittee ♦
This is a subcommittee of the Banking Law Committee. This is a joint Subcommittee with the Securities Law Committee.

Client Protection Subcommittee ♦
This is a subcommittee of the Professional Ethics Committee. The aims and objectives of the Client Protection Subcommittee are to promote client protection in all its forms to the public.

Closely Held and Growing Business Enterprises Committee ♦
The mission of the Closely Held and Growing Business Enterprises Committee is to address issues of particular interest to startups, owner-managed, closely held and family businesses and their legal advisors, and to organisations with ambitions for growth. This is a committee of the Corporate Law Section.

Code of Ethics Working Group ♦
The Code of Ethics Working Group is a specialised working group of the Professional Ethics Committee of the IBA’s Public and Professional Interest Division.

Coercion
Coercion exists when an individual is forced to behave in a particular way, by threats of violence, for example. The person concerned does not act freely.

Committees

Common Practice Examination (CPE)
A postgraduate law course in England and Wales that is taken by non-law graduates (graduates who have a degree in a discipline that is not law or not a qualifying law degree for legal practice) wishing to become either a solicitor or barrister in the United Kingdom.

Communications Law Committee ♦
The IBA Communications Law Committee is a leading global forum for legal practitioners with specialist expertise or interest in the communications sector. The scope of the Committee's work covers network, service and content-related developments across all delivery platforms. This is a committee of the Intellectual Property, Communications and Technology Law Section.

Competition Law
That part of the law dealing with matters such as those arising from monopolies and mergers, restrictive trading agreements, resale price maintenance, and agreements involving distortion of competition affected by EU rules.

Complex Acquisitions Subcommittee ♦
This is a subcommittee of the International Sales Committee.

Computers and Database Committee ♦
An IBA Standing Committee. Advises on computers and Database matters relating to the IBA membership and the IBA Office.

Conferences

Conflict Resolution

Conflicts of Interest Subcommittee ♦
This is a subcommittee of the Arbitration Committee. The Conflicts of Interest Subcommittee monitors developments concerning the IBA Guidelines on Conflicts of Interest in International Arbitration (“IBA Guidelines”), which were adopted by the IBA Council in May 2004.

Constitution Committee ♦
An IBA Standing Committee. Advises upon interpretation and changes to the IBA Constitution.

Constitutional
The manner in which a state or other body is organised.

Construction Management Subcommittee ♦
This is a subcommittee of the International Construction Projects Committee. This subcommittee deals with rules and practices relating to the implementation of construction projects.

Construction Projects ♦
See International Construction Projects.

Continuing Legal Education
The requirements for attorneys in the United States to maintain their ability to practice law after initial admission to the bar. CLE is also known as MCLE (Mandatory or Minimum, Continuing Legal Education).

Consumer Litigation Committee ♦
The aim of the Consumer Litigation Committee is to consider international aspects of liability and the consumer's rights. This is a committee of the Dispute Resolution Section.

Continuing Professional Development (CPD)
The means by which members of professional associations maintain, improve and broaden their knowledge and skills and develop the personal qualities required in their professional lives.

Contract Law and Regulations Subcommittee ♦
This is a subcommittee of the International Construction Projects Committee. This subcommittee deals with laws and regulations governing construction contracts and other regulations affecting construction projects such as building regulations, environmental, and health & safety issues.

Copyright and Entertainment Law Subcommittee ♦
This is a subcommittee of the Intellectual Property and Entertainment Law Committee.

Corporate and M&A Law Committee ♦
The Corporate and M&A Law Committee is the principal committee that covers issues relating to mergers and acquisitions. This is a committee of the Corporate Law Section.

Corporate Counsel Forum ♦
The mission of the Corporate Counsel Forum is to be the pre-eminent forum within the IBA for discussion, education and spokesmanship by, for and among corporate counsel, respecting the proper role and expectations of the professional acting for a corporation.

Corporate Counsel Forum Advisory Board ♦
This is a subcommittee of the Corporate Counsel Forum.

Corporate Governance Subcommittee ♦
This is a subcommittee of the Corporate Counsel Forum.

Corporate Information Governance Subcommittee ♦
This is a subcommittee of the Technology Law Committee.

Corporate Law

Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) Committee ♦
Corporate social responsibility (CSR) is variously defined but is generally accepted to denote responsibly grounded business decision-making that considers its impact on people, communities and the environment.

Council Member

Counsel
A Barrister or solicitor in legal proceedings.

CPD
See Continuing Professional Development.

CPE
See Common Practice Examination

Credentials Committee
An IBA Standing Committee. Gives an opinion as to the eligibility of an applicant for full or sustaining organisational membership of the IBA.

Crimes against humanity ¤
Classified under Statute of International Criminal Court 1998 as comprising any of the following acts when committed systematically against civilians: murder; extermination; enslavement; deportation; imprisonments; torture; rape and sexual slavery; persecution on racial, religious grounds; apartheid.

Criminal Law Committee ♦
The Criminal Law Committee provides a forum for members from many countries and criminal justice systems to meet regularly, communicate, exchange views, and monitor developments in substantive and procedural criminal law.

CSR
See Corporate Social Responsibility Committee

Current Legal Developments Subcommittee ♦
This is a subcommittee of the Corporate and M&A Committee.


Key:

- Committee specific
¤ - IBA Human Rights Institute specific