Glossary - T

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Task Force (TF)
A temporary unit or formation established to work on a single defined task or activity.

Taxes Committee ♦
The IBA's widely respected and very active Taxes Committee offers its members access to the highest quality technical, practical and professional tax expertise to assist in understanding and finding solutions to international tax issues and concerns. This is a committee of the Taxation Section.

Technology Law Committee ♦
The Technology Committee of the International Bar Association brings together lawyers practising aspects of the law particularly relevant to modern technologies. This is a committee of the Intellectual Property, Communications and Technology Law Section.

Terrorism
The use or threat of action designed to influence the government or to intimidate the public, made for the purpose of advancing a political, religious or ideological cause, where that action involves serious violence against a person, serious damage to property, endangers a person’s life, other than the person committing the action, creates a serious risk to the health or safety of the public or a section of it, or is designed seriously to interfere with or seriously disrupt an electronic system.

Torture
An offence committed where a public official or person acting in an official capacity, intentionally inflicts severe pain or suffering on another in the performance of his official duties.

Trade and Custom law Committee ♦
The Trade and Customs Law Committee is a committee of the Antitrust and Trade Law Section of the International Bar Association.

Trademark Law Subcommittee ♦
This is a subcommittee of the Intellectual Property and Entertainment Law Committee.

Training Courses Subcommittee
This is a subcommittee of the Academic and Professional Development Committee.

Treaty
An agreement under international law entered into by actors in international law, namely sovereign states and international organisations.

Trial
A public hearing in which the evidence in a case, and the law which applies, are examined.

Trial Observations ¤
A type of human rights monitoring in which international observers are send to attend trials and conduct interviews in order to prepare a report based on the fairness of proceedings.

Tribunal
A tribunal is a body outside of the court structure. They hear disputes relating to specific areas such as immigration, employment and some tax matters and adjudicate on them. Tribunals are thought to be cheap and fast and allow expert knowledge to be applied.


Key:

♦ - Committee specific
¤ - IBA Human Rights Institute specific