Corporate and M&A Law Committee Publications

Corporate and M&A Law Committee Publications

The Corporate and M&A Law Committee publishes a variety of interesting articles and other content of relevance to the practice area. Some items are only available to Committee members via logging in after clicking on the item. Forgotten login details?

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Takeovers and mergers – in the context of Pakistan by Fakhara Rizwan

Takeovers and mergers have been real time phenomena due to the changes they’ve brought in the market structure. While consolidation of businesses isn’t a new occurrence, in recent years, due to the size of the combined entities, the effects have become more noticeable in daily life.
Analysing cross-border corporate structuring under Saudi Arabia’s new simplified foreign investment licensing rules by Jonathan G Burns

This article examines Saudi Arabia’s new foreign investment licensing rules and the effect and benefits it may have for the country.
The multinational enterprise: its unprecedented growth, unique powers and urgent need for regulation by Dimple Bath

In this essay, Dimple Bath critically evaluates the current regulatory environment within which MNEs operate and why it is important to propose legislation, policies and a more robust conceptual framework to regulate and manage them further.
The most important M&A topics today - IBA Annual Conference, Sydney

An overview of some of the current most important M&A topics that lawyers should be aware of, regardless of jurisdiction.
Building a better mousetrap: structuring private equity investments in today’s economic environment - IBA Annual Conference, Sydney

The panel explored trends in the ways in which private equity investments are structured in the current market place, including the use of quasi-equity and different forms of debt-financing.
Selected topics in cross-border transactions - Part 1: Australia inbound M&A transactions - IBA Annual Conference, Sydney

Australia continues to see high levels of inbound M&A activity, with foreign investors searching for opportunities to invest and acquire in stable economic jurisdictions. Red flags and trends related to Australian inbound M&A transactions were discussed by a distinguished, multijurisdictional panel.
Selected topics in cross-border transactions - Part 2: Chinese investors on a shopping spree abroad - IBA Annual Conference, Sydney

The panel's focus was on Chinese outbound investments and M&A in jurisdictions around the world. Between them, the speakers covered elements such as the PRC regulatory framework, key foreign trade control regulations affecting Chinese investors.
Developing the M&A lawyers of the future - IBA Annual Conference, Sydney

The panel discussed the core competencies of M&A lawyers, and strategies for developing and delivering learning for them, combining learning in-house, on-the-job and in educational institutions.
Navigating the path between a rock and a hard place: the role of a target director in distressed M&A - IBA Annual Conference, Sydney

The panel explored the role of the target director in distressed M&A and discussed leading recent cases from various jurisdictions, such as the US state of Delaware, the UK and others.
Different country, different culture (or how different legal systems view deal-making) - IBA Annual Conference, Sydney

The panel, composed of representatives of different legal systems, analysed the influence of diverging concepts on deal-making and its practical consequences and cases.
Better safe than sorry – Part 1 - IBA Annual Conference, Sydney

This session focused on the new legal issues that have to be covered in due diligence when preparing for an acquisition as well as on the new tools that have become gradually available on the market to assist lawyers in their task.
Better safe than sorry – Part 2 - IBA Annual Conference, Sydney

Part 2 of this session reviewed what process can be set up to maintain a close watch on possible issues occurring between signing and closing, and the solutions to address these risks.
Financial Assistance Guides 2017

The Corporate and M&A Law Committee has updated its financial assistance guide with chapters for more than 35 countries around the world. This guide is intended as a high-level, practical guide for practitioners who are looking for an introduction to the laws of each relevant jurisdiction relating to financial assistance when purchasing shares.
A review of the worldwide M&A marketplace -16th Annual International Mergers and Acquisitions Conference, New York
This session from the 16th Annual International Mergers and Acquisitions Conference was opened by Mark McMaster, who stated that M&A is one of the most powerful tools to increase shareholder value. As uncertainty around regulatory environment, taxes and policy starts to change, M&A activity can be expected to accelerate
Global M&A hot topics - 16th Annual International Mergers and Acquisitions Conference, New York
This panel session at the16th Annual International Mergers and Acquisitions Conference looked at hypothetical scenarios relating to an unsolicited offer for a domestic target by a non-domestic bidder
Board duties and liability and public company regulation - 16th Annual International Mergers and Acquisitions Conference, New York
This panel discussion at the 16th Annual International Mergers and Acquisitions Conference considered whether, in the context of a hostile or unsolicited takeover bid, the shareholders or the board of a target company are in charge
Private equity today - 16th Annual International Mergers and Acquisitions Conference, New York
This panel session at the 16th Annual International Mergers and Acquisitions Conference focused on legal issues when representing private equity firms today
Cross-border M&A: globalisation, nationalism and other trends - 16th Annual International Mergers and Acquisitions Conference, New York
This panel session at the 16th Annual International Mergers and Acquisitions Conference considered the rise in political and geopolitical risk in relation to M&A deals and its practical consequences
Governance, stewardship and activism - 16th Annual International Mergers and Acquisitions Conference, New York
This panel discussion at the 16th Annual International Mergers and Acquisitions Conference considered evolving trends in the changing relationships between investors, fund managers, boards and management and the differences in leading jurisdictions around the world
Antitrust/competition policy and enforcement - 16th Annual International Mergers and Acquisitions Conference, New York
This panel at the 16th Annual International Mergers and Acquisitions Conference discussed key antitrust issues for M&A lawyers to keep in mind when structuring and negotiating transactions
The view from the bench - 16th Annual International Mergers and Acquisitions Conference, New York
This panel session from the 16th Annual International Mergers and Acquisitions Conference discussed some of the most important judicial developments in US corporate law from the point of view of the Delaware courts
Legislating human rights due diligence - May 2017
By Anna Triponel and John Sherman
This article discusses the impact that a new French law requiring businesses to properly assess their human rights risks will have on the field of business and human rights more generally.
Minority shareholder rights guide 2016
The Corporate and M&A Law Committee has prepared a minority shareholder rights guide with chapters for over 20 countries around the world. This guide is intended as a high-level, practical guide for practitioners who are looking for an introduction to the laws of each relevant jurisdiction relating to the rights of, and protections for, minority shareholders. The guides include a summary of those rights and the percentage threshold at which the various protections become available.
Role of Board of Directors Facing Strategic Transactions 2016
This guide by the Corporate Governance Subcommittee of the Corporate and M&A Law Committee outlines on a jurisdiction-by-jurisdiction basis the role of the board of directors in strategic transactions. In many cases, there are no legal/mandatory obligations or duties that are borne by board members (exceptions include the US). However, soft law is developing rapidly and more recommendations are being put forward to entice boards to take a more proactive role when facing strategic transactions.
Governance during the corporate crisis: an analysis of governance and investigation challenges associated with a major corporate scandal - Corporate and M&A Law Committee newsletter article, December 2016
By Martin Brodey
This panel session from the Washington annual conference explored good governance in the context of a hypothetical corporate scandal, involving a multinational company uncovering a fraudulent accounting scheme in one of its departments.
Spin-offs, breakups and demergers - Corporate and M&A Law Committee newsletter article, November 2016
By Steven Cohen
The strategic considerations and complex processes behind spin-offs and demergers in the US, UK and other European jurisdictions were examined at this IBA Annual Conference panel discussion.
Recent challenges in private equity - Corporate and M&A Law Committee newsletter article, November 2016
By Graham Gibb
This panel session at the IBA Annual Conference 2016 examined current private equity market conditions in different jurisdictions and differences in transactions compared to a decade ago.
Main features of modern auction processes - Corporate and M&A Law Committee newsletter article, November 2016
By Hans Witteveen
Auctions in an M&A context are essentially competitive bidding processes to solicit bids from a range of potential buyers for a business, as this session report from the IBA Annual Conference in Washington, DC in September 2016 explains.
A review of the worldwide M&A marketplace - Corporate and M&A Law Committee newsletter article, August 2016
By Rabbe Sittnikow
Opening presentation of the 15th Annual International Mergers & Acquisitions Conference on 7-8 June in New York – Susan Huang, Vice Chairman of Investment Banking, Morgan Stanley, New York
The view from the bench - Corporate and M&A Law Committee newsletter article, August 2016
By Rodrigo Ferreira Figueiredo
This session from the 15th Annual International Mergers & Acquisitions Conference, held on 7-8 June in New York, asked: has there been a change in the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware’s approach to deal process and price?
Foreign investment controls – CFIUS and analogous regimes - Corporate and M&A Law Committee newsletter article, August 2016
By Pablo Iacobelli
Panellists at this session at the 15th Annual International Mergers & Acquisitions Conference discussed significant developments in the area of foreign investment controls in the context of cross-border acquisitions and minority investments.
Stockholder activism - Corporate and M&A Law Committee newsletter article, July 2016
By Henrik Rossing Lønberg
A report from the ‘Stockholder activism‘ session of the 15th Annual International M&A Conference in June 2016, considering North America activity, European developments, speed to settlement and disclosure requirements.
Cross-border M&A – update – Corporate and M&A Law Committee newsletter article, July 2016
By Christian Herbst
M&A trade flows, European deal structuring, US cross-border transactions and Asia outbound transactions were all on the agenda at the ‘Cross-border M&A’ session of the 15th Annual International M&A Conference in June 2016.
Private equity today - Corporate and M&A Law Committee newsletter article, July 2016
By Sergio González Galán
The panel of the ‘Private equity today’ session at the 15th Annual International M&A Conference in June 2016 focused on legal issues representing private equity firms and counterparties in current transactions.
Exit strategies (in shareholders' agreements) – 50 ways to leave your partner - Corporate and M&A Law Committee Report - Corporate and M&A Law Committee Report
By Anna Zorya
This session from the IBA 2015 Annual Conference examined the exit strategies available, which are successful, and how they can be protected contractually.
Recent developments in private equity around the world - Corporate and M&A Law Committee Report
By Frank Thiäner
Recent developments in some of the main jurisdictions for private equity investments, notably the US, Germany, China and the UK, were outlined at this 2015 Annual Conference panel session from the Corporate and M&A Law Committee.
A review of the worldwide M&A market place - Corporate and M&A Law Committee Report
By Pablo Iacobelli
This session at the 2015 Annual Conference offered an insider’s view of the financial, economic and business factors affecting the current M&A market, including the most relevant drivers and key components of deals.
Update on mergers and acquisitions in the oil and gas world - Corporate and M&A Law Committee Report
By Giovani Loss
This Corporate and M&A Law Committee panel at the 2015 Annual Conference gave an update on M&A in the oil and gas industry, and the main issues emerging due to low oil prices in different countries and jurisdictions.
Blended: Anglo-Saxon legal concepts in civil law acquisition agreements – do they work? - Corporate and M&A Law Committee Report
By Rodrigo Ferreira Figueiredo
An explanation of the main clauses in common law M&A contracts and how they were expected to work in foreign jurisdictions was the subject of the panel discussion at the IBA Annual Conference, 2015.
Directors’ liability and the business judgment rule - Corporate and M&A Law Committee Report
By Dovile Burgiene
This Corporate and M&A Law Committee article examines the business judgment rule and how it is designed to protect directors when business decisions turn out to be detrimental for a company and its shareholders.
Corporate governance in banking and insurance - Corporate and M&A Law Committee Report
By Matias Zegers
This Corporate and M&A Law Committee report from the 2015 IBA Annual Conference considers corporate governance best practices and regulations, especially those implemented after the last financial crisis.
Mediating corporate disputes: practical views on how to create value when adopting alternative dispute resolution (ADR) strategies - Corporate and M&A Law Committee newsletter article, December 2015
By Hans Witteveen
Mediating corporate disputes: practical views on how to create value when adopting alternative dispute resolution (ADR) strategies. Report on a joint session presented by the Corporate and M&A Law Committee and the Meditation Committee at the IBA Annual Conference in Vienna.
Big brothers at the gate – the increasing government role in M&A transactions - Corporate and M&A Law Committee, December 2015
By Nicolás Piaggio
Big brothers at the gate – the increasing government role in M&A transactions - Corporate and M&A Law Committee, December 2015. Report on a session presented by the Corporate and M&A Committee at the IBA Annual Conference in Vienna.
Defensive tactics: where are we now - Corporate and M&A Law Committee newsletter article, December 2015
By Paul Rodel
Defensive tactics: where are we now - Corporate and M&A Law Committee newsletter article, December 2015. Report on a joint session presented by the Corporate and M&A Law Committee and the Securities Law Committee at the IBA Annual Conference in Vienna.
Current legal developments in M&A - Corporate and M&A Law Committee newsletter article, November 2015
By Steve Cohen and Takashi Toichi
This session focused on a number of legal developments taking place around the globe relevant to mergers and acquisitions (M&A) and covered matters pertinent to both public and private M&A.
M&A gone bad - Corporate and M&A Law Committee newsletter article, November 2015
By Nicola Charlston
Despite the best intentions of the parties, M&A transactions do not always proceed as smoothly as the parties would like. Partly as a legacy of recent economic instability, sellers are under increased pressure to minimise deal conditionality and maximise sale proceeds, while buyers are motivated to minimise risk and maximise return on investment.
Limitation of liability by the use of corporate structures: lifting the corporate veil - Corporate and M&A Law, November 2015
By Rabbe Sittnikow
The panel covered both the general background to the concept of limited liability in corporations and the history of the piercing of the corporate veil doctrine, as well as regional differences and trends in the application of this doctrine.
Inherent and subsequent risks: criminal liability for individuals and entities arising out of mergers and acquisitions - Corporate and M&A Law Committee, November 2015
By Mark J. Biros
Our panel consisted of two corporate attorneys and four criminal attorneys all from various jurisdictions. To make the panel more realistic, the basic focus was on a multinational acquisition outlined in a fact pattern provided to the audience.
Company and board duties in the M&A context: a global view - Corporate and M&A Law Committee, October 2015
By Hans-Jörg Ziegenhain
George R Bason Jr opened the talks by explaining that the framework for this discussion was the nature of the duties assigned to the company and its directors in the context of M&A, the way these duties are to be exercised and who is entitled to demand them.
The view from the bench - Corporate and M&A Law Committee newsletter article, October 2015
By Rodrigo Ferreira Figueiredo
The moderators began the session by acknowledging Delaware as the worldwide leader in corporate law. Chief Justice Strine, the leader of the Supreme Court of Delaware, and Chancellor Bouchard, the leader of the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware, were introduced to the audience.
Current M&A issues - Corporate and M&A Law Committee newsletter article, October 2015
By Graham Gibb
Report on a session of the Corporate and M&A Law Committee at the IBA Mergers and Acquisitions Conference in New York – Wednesday 10 June 2015.
Brazil: the impact of international anti-corruption regulations - Latin American Regional Forum - Ludmer - 2015
By Eduardo Ludmer
Over the last few decades, several anti-corruption laws have been enacted and passed by the United States, Europe and other developed countries. These include the 1977 US Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA) and the 2010 UK Bribery Act. They act to hamper and prevent citizens and corporations from directly or indirectly perpetrating acts of corruption in foreign countries. This article will examine how these foreign anti-corruption laws have affected business conduct in Latin America – specifically Brazil.
Overview of the M&A market in Latin America - Peiretti - Latin American Regional Forum - 2015
By Estefanía Peiretti
Overview of the M&A market in Latin America.
M&A transactions and anti-corruption laws - Corporate and M&A Law Committee newsletter article, July 2015
By Rabbe Sittnikow
M&A Transactions and Anti-Corruption Laws - Corporate and M&A Law Committee newsletter article, July 2015.
Easier termination of Austrian shareholders' agreements - Corporate and M&A Law Committee, July 2015
By Bernhard Rieder
On 1 January 2015, new rules for partnerships became effective in Austria. The new rules brought important changes to shareholders' agreements and syndicated loan agreements, especially with regard to their termination.
Reliance and non-reliance letters, options, vendor due diligence reports: Corp, M&A Law Com news, June, 2015
By Guy Harles
Report on a conference session discussing reliance and non-reliance letters in M&A at the 3rd IBA European Corporate and Private M&A Conference.
Structuring the deal in light of BEPS - Corporate and M&A Law Committee newsletter article, June, 2015
By Pamela Fuller
Pamela Fuller, Gremminger law firm, New York, reports on a seminar presented by the IBA Corporate and M&A and Taxes Committees on the OECD's Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS) initiative and its effect on structuring M&A deals.
Activist shareholders: US/European - Corporate and M&A Law Committee newsletter article, June, 2015
By Craig Cleaver
Report on a conference session at the IBA Corporate Governance Conference covering activist shareholders in the US and Europe.
Corporate governance: composition on board - Corp and M&A Law Com newsletter article, June, 2015
By Sergio Sanchez Sole
Conference report from the IBA European Corporate and Private M&A Conference - a look at the role of board directors and legal trends across Europe.
Brazil: Participation of foreign capital in the healthcare business - Corp and M&A Law Com news article, June, 2015
The Brazilian constitution protects free enterprise as one of the fundamentals of the economic order. However, it also allows the Brazilian government to regulate certain domestic industries to restrict or prohibit foreign capital.
ESTONIA OPENS ITS E-SERVICES TO THE WORLD AND OFFERS AN ATTRACTIVE BUS ENVIRONMENT- Corp M&A Law Com news article, June 2015
E-residency offers a convenience that Estonian entrepreneurs have already become quite used to allowing them to handle business-related ‘paperwork’ without having to leave the office, for example. The e-residency is an interesting development, worth exploring for foreigners who conduct or manage businesses in Estonia, or are considering doing so.
Shareholder activism in Germany: similar but different - Corporate and M&A Law Committee newsletter article, June 2015
Historically, the European market was considered structurally less attractive for activists than the United States. Today, however, activists have adjusted their tactics and are increasingly exploring new territories. The legal framework for activist activity in Europe is complex: although corporate and capital market laws throughout the EU are largely harmonised, important differences remain.
Quality of corporate governance reporting ('comply or explain') - Corporate and M&A Law Committee newsletter article, July 2015
By: Barbara Bandiera
On 29 June 2013, Directive 2013/34/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 June 2013 on annual financial statements, consolidated financial statements and related reports of certain types of undertakings, amending Directive 2006/43/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council and repealing Council Directives 78/660/EEC and 83/349/EEC, was published in the European Union (EU) Official Journal.
United Arab Emirates: directors and - Corporate and M&A Law Committee newsletter article, June, 2015
By: Ahmed Ibrahim
The importance of the relationship between the directors and the shareholders in ensuring a company is well run in the UAE. Following general international business and corporate practices, His Excellency Sultan bin Saeed Al-Mansoori, Economy Minister and Board Chairman of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) Securities and Commodities Authority (SCA) has issued Decree no 518 of 2009, covering the rules and regulations of corporate governance and an institutional code of conduct.
To merge, or not to merge, that is the question in Canada - Corporate and M&A Law Committee newsletter article, June 2015
By: Ariana Lisio, Lavery, de Billy, Montreal, Canada
In Canada, a significant number of mergers reviewed by the Commissioner of Competition (the ‘Commissioner’) involve parties who are competitors. When these cases are analysed by the Commissioner, the question is whether the proposed merger will ‘substantially decrease’ competition in that particular market.
Kuwait - ready for investment - Corporate and M&A Law Committee newsletter, June 2015
By: Ibrahim Sattout, Laurent Levac
Although Kuwait’s economy may have been under-performing in the past couple of years in comparison to members of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), it has recently adopted modern corporate and foreign investment legislation that evidencesa commitment to opening up its market to foreign capital.
Italy’s Rating di Legalità - Corporate and M&A Law Committee newsletter article, June 2015
By: Maurizio Vasciminni, Martina Conte and Giovanni Gigliotti
The Italian Antitrust Authority (the ‘AGCM’) has amended Regulation No 24075 of 14 November 2012 – issued in collaboration with the Italian Justice Department and the Department of Interior – setting the conditions, criteria and procedures for assigning a lawfulness rating to the companies and sole proprietorships operating in Italy.
United Arab Emirates: piercing the corporate veil - when can shareholders be liable? - Corporate and M&A Law, June 2015
By: Ahmed Ibrahim
An examination of the corporate veil I the UAE and when shareholders can be liable in the event that the veil is pierced. The corporate veil is a legal term for the fundamental rule that the assets and liabilities of a corporation are separate from the assets and liabilities of its shareholders. This rule protects shareholders from being personally liable for the company's debts and other obligations.
Corporate governance: proxy advisers and executive compensation
By: Christian Herbst
Report on a session of the Corporate and M&A Law Committee at the IBA Annual Conference in Tokyo - Monday 20 October 2014
Structuring social entrepreneurship organisations
By: Koos Pretorius
Report on a joint session of the Corporate Law Section, the Closely Held and Growing Business Enterprises Committee, the Corporate and M&A Law Committee and the Corporate Social Responsibility Committee at the IBA Annual Conference in Tokyo - Thursday 23 October 2014
Interim periods in acquisition agreements
By: André Dufour & Nicolas Piaggio
Report on a session of the Corporate and M&A Law Committee at the IBA Annual Conference in Tokyo - Wednesday 22 October 2014
Shareholder activism: a growing global trend - Corporate and M&A Law Committee - Herbst - 2015
By: Christian Herbst
Report on the session of the Corporate and M&A Law Committee at the IBA Annual Conference in Tokyo
Current legal developments in M&A
By: Rodrigo Ferreira Figueiredo
Report on a session of the Corporate and M&A Law Committee at the IBA Annual Conference in Tokyo - Friday 24 October 2014
M&A in Asia: inbound and outbound challenges
By: Ellisa Opstbaum Habbart
Report on a joint session of the Corporate and M&A Law Committee and the Asia Pacific Regional Forum at the IBA Annual Conference in Tokyo - Tuesday 21 October 2014
Corporate and M&A Law Committee Newsletter May 2014

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Corporate and M&A Law Committee Newsletter October 2013

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Corporate and M&A Law Committee Newsletter September 2012

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Corporate and M&A Law Committee Newsletter May 2012

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Corporate and M&A Law Committee Newsletter September 2011

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Corporate and M&A Law Committee Newsletter March 2011

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Negotiated M&A Guides 2014

The Corporate and M&A Law Committee has updated its negotiated M&A guide with chapters from more than 40 countries. The negotiated M&A guides deal with negotiated acquisitions of private companies and are aimed at providing a general overview of acquisition structure options and the essential provisions contained in a standard acquisition agreement in each jurisdiction. The material is intended as a high-level, practical guide for practitioners and others who are looking for an introduction to the laws of each relevant jurisdiction relating to negotiated acquisitions.
Squeeze-out Guides 2014

The Corporate and M&A Law Committee has updated its squeeze-out guide with chapters for many countries around the world. The material is intended as a high-level, practical guide for practitioners and others who are looking for an introduction to the laws of each relevant jurisdiction relating to squeeze-out.
Takeover Guides 2014

The Corporate and M&A Law Committee and the Securities Law Committee have partnered to produce guidance to the takeover laws for more than 50 countries around the world. The material is intended as a high-level, practical guide for practitioners and others who are looking for an introduction to the laws of the relevant country relating to regulated takeovers.
Directors' Duties Checklists 2014

The Directors' Duties Checklist is a joint project of the Corporate and M&A Law Committee and the Corporate Counsel Forum, originally published in 2011. Many of the submissions have been updated for 2014.
The checklist is is designed to provide guidance to in-house counsel of multi-national companies who want a practical perspective on the duties of directors. It will also be helpful to lawyers that would like an overview of the legislation and regulations relevant to directors' duties in many jurisdictions worldwide...
Treasury Shares Guides 2014

In 2012, the Corporate and M&A Law Committee prepared a guide to treasury shares with chapters from more than 50 countries. This has been updated for 2014. The Treasury Share Guide provides general information on treasury shares, on the legal requirements and restrictions on the acquisitions and sales of treasury shares and finally implications of treasury shares under national takeover law.
Float Guides 2012

The Corporate and M&A Law Committee and the Securities Law Committee have prepared a guide to floats with chapters from more than 30 countries. The Float Guides describe the process in each jurisdiction for an initial public offering by a company, and explain the steps involved and set out a typical timetable.
Business Law International, September 2010

Business Law International articles are now available online to members of the Legal Practice Division of the IBA. To access the articles in this issue, you will need to sign in using your IBA username and password.
Directors' Liability: A Worldwide Review
Consulting editor:Alexander Loos
This first-ever comparative study of a crucial issue in corporate law gives practitioners a unique tool for comparing competing legislative systems in our globalising economies.