International Trade in Legal Services

IBA Global Cross Border Legal Services Report

Country

Region

WTO/GATS commitment in legal services

Are foreign lawyers able to requalify as domestic lawyers? *

Are foreign law firms able to establish offices? *

Albania
Europe Yes Yes No
Algeria
Middle East No No No
Angola
Africa No Yes Yes
Argentina
Americas Yes Yes No
Armenia
Europe Yes Yes Yes
Australia

See sub regions

Asia Pacific Yes Yes  
Capital Territory
Asia Pacific Yes Yes Yes
New South Wales
Asia Pacific Yes Yes Yes
Northern Territory
Asia Pacific Yes Yes Yes
Queensland
Asia Pacific Yes Yes Yes
South Australia
Asia Pacific Yes Yes No
Tasmania
Asia Pacific Yes Yes Yes
Victoria
Asia Pacific Yes Yes Yes
Western Australia
Asia Pacific Yes Yes Yes
Austria
Europe Yes Yes Yes
Azerbaijan
Asia Pacific No No Yes
Bahrain
Middle East No No No
Belarus
Europe No No Yes
Belgium
Europe Yes Yes Yes
Belize
Americas No Yes Yes
Benin
Africa No Yes Yes
Bolivia
Americas No Yes Yes
Bosnia and
Herzegovina
Europe No Yes No
Botswana
Africa No Yes No
Brazil
Americas No Yes No
Brunei Darussalam
Asia Pacific No Yes No
Bulgaria
Europe Yes Yes No
Burundi
Africa No No No
Cambodia
Asia Pacific Yes No Yes
Cameroon
Africa No Yes Yes
Canada

See sub regions

Americas Yes Yes Yes
Alberta
Americas Yes Yes Yes
British Columbia
Americas Yes Yes Yes
Manitoba
Americas Yes Yes Yes
New Brunswick
Americas Yes Yes Yes
Newfoundland and Labrador
Americas Yes Yes Yes
Northwest Territories
Americas Yes Yes No
Nova Scotia
Americas Yes Yes No
Nunavut
Americas Yes Yes No
Prince Edward
Americas Yes Yes Yes
Québec
Americas Yes Yes Yes
Saskatchewan
Americas Yes Yes Yes
Upper Canada
Americas Yes Yes Yes
Yukon
Americas Yes Yes No
Cape Verde
Africa Yes Yes No
Central African Republic
Africa No Yes Yes
Chile
Americas Yes Yes Yes
Colombia
Americas No Yes Yes
Comoros
Africa No No Yes
Congo
Africa No Yes No
Costa Rica
Americas No Yes Yes
Cote d'Ivoire
Africa No Yes Yes
Croatia
Europe Yes No No
Cyprus
Europe Yes Yes Yes
Czech Republic
Europe Yes Yes Yes
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Africa No Yes No
Denmark
Europe Yes Yes Yes
Djibouti
Africa No Yes No
Dominican Republic
Americas Yes Yes Yes
Ecuador
Americas Yes Yes Yes
Egypt
Middle East No No No
El Salvador
Americas Yes Yes Yes
Eritrea
Africa No No No
Estonia
Europe Yes Yes Yes
Ethiopia
Africa No No No
Finland
Europe Yes Yes Yes
France
Europe Yes Yes Yes
Gabon
Africa No Yes Yes
Georgia
Europe Yes No Yes
Germany
Europe Yes Yes Yes
Ghana
Africa No Yes No
Greece
Europe Yes Yes Yes
Guatemala
Americas No No No
Guinea-Bissau
Africa No Yes No
Honduras
Americas No No No
Hong Kong
Asia Pacific No Yes No
Hungary
Europe Yes Yes Yes
Iceland
Europe Yes Yes Yes
India
Asia Pacific No Yes No
Indonesia
Asia Pacific No No No
Ireland
Europe Yes Yes Yes
Israel
Middle East No No Yes
Italy
Europe Yes Yes Yes
Jamaica
Americas Yes Yes Yes
Japan
Asia Pacific Yes No Yes
Jordan
Middle East Yes No Yes
Kazakhstan
Asia Pacific No No Yes
Kenya
Africa No No No
Kosovo
Europe No Yes No
Kuwait
Middle East No No Yes
Kyrgyzstan
Asia Pacific Yes No Yes
Laos
Asia Pacific Yes No Yes
Latvia
Europe Yes Yes Yes
Lebanon
Middle East No No No
Lesotho
Africa Yes Yes No
Liechtenstein
Europe Yes Yes Yes
Lithuania
Europe No Yes Yes
Luxembourg
Europe Yes Yes Yes
Macedonia (FYR)
Europe Yes Yes Yes
Madagascar
Africa No No No
Malawi
Africa No No No
Malaysia
Asia Pacific Yes Yes Yes
Mali
Africa No Yes Yes
Malta
Europe Yes Yes Yes
Mauritius
Middle East No Yes Yes
Mexico
Americas No Yes Yes
Moldova
Europe Yes No Yes
Montenegro
Europe Yes Yes Yes
Morocco
Middle East No Yes Yes
Mozambique
Africa No Yes No
Myanmar
Asia Pacific No No Yes
Namibia
Africa No Yes No
Netherlands
Europe Yes Yes Yes
New Zealand
Asia Pacific Yes Yes No
Nicaragua
Americas No No No
Niger
Africa No Yes Yes
Nigeria
Africa No No No
Norway
Europe Yes Yes Yes
Oman
Middle East Yes No Yes
Pakistan
Asia Pacific No Yes No
Panama
Americas Yes No No
Paraguay
Americas No No No
People's Republic of China (PRC)
Asia Pacific Yes No No
Peru
Americas No Yes Yes
Philippines
Americas No No No
Poland
Europe Yes Yes Yes
Portugal
Europe Yes Yes Yes
Qatar
Middle East No Yes No
Republic of Korea
Asia Pacific No No No
Romania
Europe Yes Yes Yes
Russia
Europe Yes Yes Yes
Rwanda
Africa Yes Yes Yes
Saudi Arabia
Middle East Yes No Yes
Senegal
Africa No Yes Yes
Serbia
Europe No Yes Yes
Seychelles
Africa Yes Yes No
Singapore
Asia Pacific No Yes Yes
Slovakia
Europe Yes Yes Yes
Slovenia
Europe Yes Yes Yes
South Africa
Africa Yes Yes No
Spain
Europe Yes Yes Yes
Sri Lanka
Asia Pacific No Yes Yes
Sudan
Middle East No No No
eSwatini (Swaziland)
Africa No Yes No
Sweden
Europe Yes Yes Yes
Switzerland
Europe Yes Yes No
Syria
Asia Pacific No No No
Taiwan (Chinese Taipei)
Asia Pacific Yes Yes Yes
Tajikistan
Asia Pacific No No Yes
Tanzania - Tanganyika
Africa No Yes No
Tanzania - Zanzibar
Africa No Yes No
Thailand
Asia Pacific Yes No Yes
Togo
Africa No Yes Yes