In-House Perspective

The online magazine of the IBA Corporate Counsel Forum

In-House Perspective is the online information resource for general counsel and their teams developed by the International Bar Association. Emailed directly to its readership on a quarterly basis, In-House Perspective provides in-depth articles on subjects of particular interest to corporate counsel and in-house lawyers, such as best practice in corporate governance and the latest regulatory developments, as well as profiles of leading counsel and advice on managing external counsel and internal clients.

ISSN: 1814 0408

Editor's Picks | News | Features | Opinion | Film | ArchiveJoin the IBA


Women in the law: an in-house perspective

December 2017 – FEATURE: Yola Verbruggen talks to in-house lawyers about the ways they can shape the culture of external law firms from their influential position as the client. By making it clear that diversity is a requirement and long hours are not, for example, in-house lawyers can help facilitate a more flexible and inclusive workplace culture at the law firms they engage. Read more...


Sexual harassment must be taken seriously 

December 2017 – OPINION: Eduardo Reyes considers recent revelations of sexual harassment in the context of the legal profession, emphasising its duty to promote equality and prevent harassment. Read more...


Profile: Stretch Kontelj, Specsavers

November 2017 – PROFILE: Diana Bentley speaks to Stretch Kontelj about the need for in-house lawyers to continually reinvent themselves, his own experiences both in legal and non-legal fields and his ambitions for his legal team and the organisation as a whole. Read more...


GDPR: time to take data protection seriously

November 2017 – FEATURE: The EU General Data Protection Regulation will come into force in May 2018, bringing with it the potential for large fines for non-compliance. Lucy Trevelyan explains why boards and in-house counsel must take note. Read more...


Legal privilege: getting it right

November 2017 – FEATURE: Regulators are pushing for greater clarification of how legal privilege is used by in-house lawyers. Neil Hodge looks at how the remit of legal privilege is evolving and the impact any changes could have. Read more...


Profile: Rosemary Martin, Vodafone

October 2017 – PROFILE: Yola Verbruggen speaks to the General Counsel of Vodafone about diversity, innovation, telecoms regulation and the role of in-house lawyers. Read more...


Rise of the robots: the implications for legal teams

October 2017 – FEATURE: Are white-collar jobs under threat from artificial intelligence? Lucy Trevelyan investigates. Read more...


Delegating work outside the legal team

October 2017 – FEATURE: Diana Bentley explains how delegation can be the key to managing the in-house legal team’s workload. Read more...


Time to get more involved in HR

October 2017 – OPINION: Eduardo Reyes argues that lawyers can work with HR to promote equality and diversity in their organisation. Read more...


UK crackdown on global financial crime puts onus on companies

August 2017 – NEWS: Corporations face the risk of an unlimited fine and criminal conviction in the UK if any employee is found to have facilitated tax evasion – even if it was outside the country. Read more...


Women on boards: time to target executives

May 2017 – FEATURE: Resetting the gender imbalance in companies should start at board level, but the progression of women to senior positions remains hampered by corporate culture. Lucy Trevelyan explores some of the approaches being used globally, from quotas to stakeholder initiatives, to move away from the ‘male, pale and stale brigade’.
Read more…

Film: Funke Abimbola, General Counsel, Roche UK on diversity and compliance


Profile: Thomas Laubert, Daimler AG

May 2017 – PROFILE: The German car giant’s Group General Counsel, in post since March 2017, discusses driverless cars, emissions requirements, next-generation electric vehicles – and the legal considerations that come into play. In a fast-moving and regulation-heavy industry, Laubert says the role of lawyers has moved from reactively being involved in issues to actively managing them. Read more…

Related: Technology 2030 - assessing the future


Competition law: avoiding bad behaviour

May 2017 – FEATURE: Last year signalled a tougher stance by regulators to crack down on cartels – from the European Commission’s €2.9bn fine on five truck producers, to South Africa’s move making directors criminally liable for cartel activity. But, says Neil Hodge, whether it’s leniency programmes or antitrust compliance training, companies must also put their own house in order. Read more…

Also read: UK competition regime changes enable regulator to be more aggressive


Immigration: a new business risk

May 2017 – OPINION: Law firms and their clients will be directly affected by the upheaval in immigration policy and the conditions of free movement on both sides of the Atlantic following the UK’s Brexit vote and the election of President Trump in the US. Eduardo Reyes considers some of the business planning and legal issues that general counsel should have on their radar. Read more…

Related: Trump's new travel ban further tests image and rule of law

Podcast: The Brexit vote and legal challenge


Professional development: how to make it work for you

May 2017 – FEATURE: In-house lawyers must not only maintain their legal expertise amid a torrent of new laws, but they must also have an up-to-date skillset that takes in business functions, technology, risk management and more. Diana Bentley examines the continuing professional development needs of in-house teams, and some of the learning approaches and requirements that apply. Read more…

Resources: IBA guides, rules and other free materials


Editor’s Picks

From energy to intellectual property, cyber security to diversity – a selection of IBA films, podcasts, features and people profiles on in-house issues and compliance challenges from the In-House Perspective and Global Insight archives. View this page…


‘Vigilant’ French law puts duty of care on companies

May 2017 – NEWS: Under a new law introduced in France, large companies are now required to investigate, report on and monitor the potential human rights and environmental implications of their own operations and, crucially, those in their supply chain. The law goes further than similar legislation in other jurisdictions, such as the UK’s Modern Slavery Act or the EU’s Non-Financial Reporting Directive. Read more…


Trump brings seven years of TPP negotiations to a halt

May 2017 – NEWS: The future of the Trans-Pacific Partnership has been thrown into doubt after President Trump signed an order withdrawing the US from the mega-regional trade agreement between 12 countries. Though the deal had not been agreed by the US Congress and so the withdrawal will not have any direct effect on international trade law, it’s a warning of a more protectionist policy agenda to come. Read more…


Saudi privatisation programme heralds post-oil era

May 2017 – NEWS: With the International Monetary Fund warning Saudi Arabia that it risks depleting its financial assets in only five years, the kingdom is implementing Vision 2030 to create jobs and diversify the economy away from oil. The privatisation drive will see oil, power, media, health, postal and tourism companies, among others, put up for sale, while the government also considers a new tax on foreign workers. Read more…


Clear thinking on cloud governance

January 2017 – FEATURE: More companies are turning to the cloud for their data storage needs, prompting
in-house lawyers to be alert to incorrect assumptions about liability, risk and intellectual property. As new European
data protection rules edge closer, Neil Hodge examines some of the contract, licensing and security issues that can
be addressed by effective cloud governance. Read more…


Profile: Felix Ehrat, Novartis

January 2017 – INTERVIEW: Leaving behind 25 years in private practice to work in-house, the Group General Counsel of the Swiss pharmaceutical giant sits on its executive committee alongside commercial leaders. He explains the company’s major conversion to a new, fully integrated model, the role of the 900-strong global legal department, and the market pressures and uncertainties ahead. Read more…

Pharma update: the latest wave of M&A deals and life after the patent cliff


High stakes: addressing executive pay

January 2017 – FEATURE: With the income gap between senior executives and average workers still growing,
Lucy Trevelyan considers the latest views on how governments and company shareholders can tackle the issue
– from more transparency on pay ratios to greater focus on long-term strategy – and the role of in-house lawyers
as the ‘corporate conscience’. Read more…

Related: have requirements for reporting on executive pay had an impact?


Reputational risk – how to plan and respond to crisis

January 2017 – FEATURE: Globalisation has brought business expansion but also increased operational and reputational risk. Diana Bentley explores how today’s in-house counsel must be fully involved in managing the public face of the company – and ensuring the response to any crisis does not make matters worse. Read more…

Also read: the major reputational repair job facing VW


Q&A: Robin Macpherson, Valad Europe

January 2017 – INTERVIEW: With general counsel, compliance officer and head of risk brought under one hat at the pan-European real estate investment manager, Robin Macpherson explains what it’s like in the role. In conversation with Ruth Green, he outlines his role in managing day-to-day legal matters and the broader risk architecture of the business. Read more…


Brexit: a game of patience?

January 2017 – OPINION: As the legal profession continues to get to grips with the implications of Brexit, many businesses and law firms will ‘wait and see’ what stems from the UK’s negotiations to withdraw from the European Union. But, as Eduardo Reyes explains, certain staffing, competition and client advice matters might warrant more decisive action. Read more…

In the news: the UK Supreme Court and Article 50

Podcast: the historic Brexit vote and legal challenge


Editor’s Picks

From corruption to cyber security, banking to diversity – a selection of IBA films, podcasts, features and people profiles on key in-house issues from the In-House Perspective and Global Insight archives. View this page…


Trump Presidency heightens business and trade uncertainty

January 2017 – NEWS: If the President-elect’s campaign rhetoric transfers into US government policy, economic and business leaders are concerned over the potential impact on antitrust, international trade and relations with China, among other issues. Read more…

Podcast: what might a Trump Presidency mean for human rights and rule of law?

South China Sea ruling and its implications

January 2017 – NEWS: A recent ruling by the Permanent Court of Arbitration has dismissed China’s historical claim to a key waterway, through which $5tn in goods pass each year. It also ruled that China had infringed on the Philippines' economic and sovereign rights in the disputed waters. Read more…


Concerns over ‘outmoded, 20th century’ nuclear option

January 2017 – NEWS: A proposal to build the Hinkley Point C nuclear power station in the UK has been given the go-ahead, in a project that will employ 25,000 people and provide low carbon energy for six million homes. But some argue the much delayed initiative is now outmoded, and there are also a host of related legal challenges. Read more…


The dangers within: employee disloyalty

November 2016 – FEATURE: From selling passwords to stealing market-sensitive data, aggrieved workers can significantly damage or disrupt company operations through malicious acts. Looking at some recent cases,
Neil Hodge examines the risk management tools available to in-house team, from legislative mechanisms to monitoring staff communications. Read more…


Q&A: Angela Li, Alibaba

November 2016 – INTERVIEW: Chinese e-commerce giant Alibaba’s mission is to ‘make it easy to do business anywhere’. For head of soft IP, Angela Li, that means protecting and enforcing the group’s intellectual property rights worldwide. She discusses her team’s work on trademarks, copyright and domain names, and coping with daily challenges in a fast-paced environment. Read more…

Related: Alibaba takes action to reduce counterfeit goods on its sites


Washington interviews

The IBA’s 2016 Annual Conference, held in Washington, DC in September, included a number of filmed interviews with general counsel of high-profile organisations and government policymakers. Highlights include:

Sean Hagan, general counsel and director of the legal department at the International Monetary Fund, on the evolution of the Fund’s legal team, and work to tackle corruption and money laundering. Watch here…

Asma Muttawa, general legal counsel, Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and Vice-Chair of the IBA Corporate Counsel Forum, on her compliance role, the requirements of OPEC’s member countries, and career direction. Watch here…

Robert Stack, deputy assistant secretary for international tax affairs, US Department of the Treasury, on international tax reforms, the Panama Papers leaks, and inversion deals. Watch here…


Anti-corruption: the latest global picture

November 2016 – FEATURE: Global efforts to clamp down on corruption are put into perspective by Transparency International’s finding that 68 per cent of countries have a serious problem. Assessing the approach in different jurisdictions, Lucy Trevelyan considers the transactional and market risks, and the role of in-house lawyers in setting a business culture of compliance. Read more…

Related: ‘Corruption undercuts sustainable and inclusive growth’, says International Monetary Fund head, Christine Lagarde


Editor’s Picks

Check out the new Editor’s Picks online page – a selection of films, podcasts, features and people profiles on key in-house issues from the In-House Perspective and Global Insight archives. View the page…


Is the in-house profession dividing?

November 2016 – OPINION: Eduardo Reyes argues that artisan approaches to in-house practice are now being replaced by something more engineered. Coupled with changes in senior executive roles, this could dramatically reshape the role of in-house lawyers in future. Read more…


Landmark ruling on Uruguay tobacco case

November 2016 – NEWS: An International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes ruling has ending the six-year packaging battle between Uruguay and the world’s largest tobacco company, Philip Morris International. Read more…


Call to action: whistleblower hotlines

August 2016 – FEATURE: With recent surveys highlighting the potential scale of unethical and corrupt behaviour in business, Neil Hodge examines the role of whistleblower hotlines and policies – and the role of in-house lawyers in implementing and reviewing them. Read more…

Related: Webcast with Chair of OECD Working Group on Bribery


Profile: Charlotte Heiss, RSA Insurance Group

August 2016 – INTERVIEW: After leading her team through group-wide streamlining, RSA’s new chief legal officer is enjoying the strategic challenges of an executive committee role, while helping the organisation stay fit for purpose and customer-focused in the face of market changes and European legislation. Read more…


Cyber-attacks: are you ready?

August 2016 – FEATURE: Data breaches from cyber-attacks have huge destructive potential for any business. As Lucy Trevelyan explains, in-house lawyers should be at the heart of resilience planning to minimise risks and avoid operational paralysis if the hackers strike. Read more…

Related: Podcast on cyber-security – Anders Fogh Rasmussen and other high-profile speakers discuss online security and the rising threat of attacks


Webcast: Funke Abimbola, General Counsel of Roche UK

August 2016 – FILM: The leading biotech company's first-ever managing counsel for the UK and Ireland discusses corporate compliance challenges, the legal aspects of supporting its pharmaceutical strategies, the evolving role of in-house lawyers, and diversity in the legal profession. Click to watch…

Related: View the IBA's webcast series of interviews


Q&A: Gemma Aiolfi, Basel Institute on Governance

August 2016 – INTERVIEW: Advising on how to address bribery and corruption, the Institute’s head of compliance, corporate governance and collective action has plenty of insight into the risks and solutions for global businesses. Read more…


Virtual reality?

August 2016 – OPINION: The use of artificial intelligence is increasing in the legal field, with a few firms and corporate departments now using virtual assistants for certain tasks typically handled by junior associates or paralegals. Eduardo Reyes considers the in-house advantages. Read more…

Related: Technology 2030 – tech experts predict the future


Diversity in law firms: slow progress

August 2016 – NEWS: Despite considerable efforts to improve diversity – and pressure from clients – many law firms are still struggling in this area. Read more…


Supply chains: managing the risks

May 2016 – FEATURE: With more companies outsourcing than ever before, the legal and ethical behaviour of contractors is now a major priority for general counsel. As Neil Hodge explains, businesses are increasingly being held to account for their suppliers’ failings, from bribery to forced labour, driving compliance and better supply chain monitoring. Read more…


Profile: Lesley Wan, Lloyds Banking Group

May 2016 – INTERVIEW: Ten years on from joining the bank as real estate finance counsel, Lesley Wan is proof positive of the broader role of in-house lawyers – helping deliver major efficiencies to address a challenging lending market, while also championing a host of diversity and training initiatives. Read more…


Influencing proposed legislation – an integrated strategy

May 2016 – FEATURE: Preparing for planned new regulation or legislative reform, and even attempting to shape it, is a critical issue for business. Corporate counsel must often work closely with various internal departments and external teams, from law firms to lobbyists, requiring a holistic and forward-looking strategy. Ben Rigby reports. Read more…


In or out? Corporate counsel and Britain’s membership of the EU

May 2016 – OPINION: The upcoming UK referendum has caught global attention, yet the legal profession has been relatively quiet on the issue. Talking to in-house lawyers, Eduardo Reyes finds many are concerned over the uncertainty for business if voters opt to leave the European Union. Read more…


FIFA human rights report

May 2016 – NEWS: An independent report calls on football’s governing body to address human rights risks across its global operations, including bid and contract partners. Read more…


Considering ‘Brexit’

May 2016 – NEWS: Ahead of the UK referendum on European Union membership, experts comment on the impact on the financial services industry and regulatory issues from a potential withdrawal. Read more…


Pfizer calls off mega merger

May 2016 – NEWS: The pharmaceutical giant has abandoned its planned merger with Allergan after the US Treasury introduced new rules to crack down on tax inversions. Read more…


Class actions: the Consumer Rights Act

March 2016 – FEATURE: New opt-out collective action rules in the UK mark a major shift in the way consumers can take action against businesses found guilty of anti-competitive practices. Outlining the recently introduced legislation, Neil Hodge asks lawyers for their views on the likely impact on companies and claims. Read more…


Q&A: David Howard, Microsoft

March 2016 – INTERVIEW: The tech giant’s corporate vice-president and deputy general counsel for litigation discusses the growing conflict over whose laws apply to information – including Microsoft’s current challenge to a US Government search warrant. With the law lagging behind internet advances, he speaks to Ruth Green about balancing security and privacy. Read more…


4MLD: burden or benefit?

March 2016 – FEATURE: EU Member States have until June 2017 to implement the latest Anti-Money Laundering Directive, unless plans to speed through the legislation to more urgently tackle terrorist funding get the go ahead. Lucy Trevelyan reports. Read more…


Oil and gas focus: Michael Coates, Shell

March 2016 – INTERVIEW: In what are uncertain times for oil markets, Shell’s UK head of legal and associate general counsel of global downstream business talks to IHP about compliance and brand management. Working at the cutting edge of law, he’s a strong believer that general counsel must step over into business strategy and direction. Read more…

Watch: IBA webcast with Peter Rees QC, Royal Dutch Shell on the role of general counsel and energy sector challenges
 


The UK’s first DPA – what does it really tell us?

March 2016 – OPINION: The UK’s first deferred prosecution agreement, relating to bank bribery, is a bad example for corporate counsel to learn from, says Eduardo Reyes. Read more…


Profile: Joss Saunders, Oxfam

March 2016 – INTERVIEW: Whether it’s humanitarian response, gender-based violence or access to justice, the international aid charity must be prepared to tackle many and varied legal issues. IHP gets the lowdown from its general counsel and company secretary. Read more…


Proposed Pfizer mega merger and the future of inversion deals

March 2016 – NEWS: Pfizer’s planned $160bn acquisition of Irish company Allergan has put corporate tax inversions back in the headlines, as US legislators look to clamp down on such deals. Read more…


Commodity rout hits global mining industry

March 2016 – NEWS: 2015 saw many mining companies tightening their spending and selling off loss-making assets, but how can the industry respond this year? Read more…

Also read: IHP interview with Geoff Healy, chief legal counsel, BHP Billiton


A taste for the mining side of life

December 2015 – FEATURE: BHP Billiton's Chief Legal Counsel tells IHP about his move from private practice to the top in-house job at an 'iconic company'. Healy outlines the core risks BHP faces, in particular the struggling commodities market and falling Chinese demand and the resultant need for restructuring and cost-cutting. Read more…


Whistleblowing: time to come in from the cold

December 2015 – FEATURE: Jonathan Watson speaks to prominent whistleblowers about their experiences and asks whether anything has changed since they took a stand against bad behaviour. International regulators have taken varying approaches to the issue - have any of them made a difference? Read more…


Stress and mental health: it doesn’t have to be this way

December 2015 – OPINION: Eduardo Reyes argues that in-house lawyers have the right skills to minimise stress in the workplace, and therefore address mental health issues. Read more…


Q&A: Lori Shalhoub

December 2015 – FEATURE: In-House Perspective speaks to Lori Shalhoub, General Counsel and Vice-President of External Affairs and Public Policy at FCA Canada, the Canadian subsidiary of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles. Lori tells us about the challenges facing her industry and what she misses about private practice. Read more…


Fair compensation

December 2015 – FEATURE: Changes to legislation on executive pay aim to redress the balance between those at the top and bottom of the pecking order by giving, for example, more power to shareholders to vote down unfair remuneration packages. Neil Hodge asks how effective this approach has been and considers how general counsel can make an impact.
Read more…


ECJ: Safe Harbour agreement for US-EU data sharing invalid

December 2015 – NEWS: Legal experts have divergent views on whether the decision is hugely significant for the transatlantic digital economy, or mere tactical manoeuvring during strained negotiations between the US and the EU for a new and updated Safe Harbour scheme. Read more…


New EU ADR Directive aims to improve consumer experience

December 2015 – NEWS: The EU has issued a new Alternative Dispute Resolution Directive, which aims to simplify and standardise the current process of resolving disputes for consumers. Member States were required to implement relevant legislation by 9 July 2015 – the precise date for compliance varies by state. Read more…


Chinese economic slowdown stokes fears of global downturn

December 2015 – NEWS: China is slowing down. It's not yet clear by how much, but its economy is certainly going through a transition that could be long and painful, and have an impact beyond its own borders. Read more...

Listen: IBA podcast on China's economy


Rise of the machines

August 2015 – FEATURE: Technology is becoming increasingly autonomous, a development which has blurred the lines between user and device and created a new legal identity. Arthur Piper considers the implications of living with the so-called ‘Internet of Things’. Read more...


EU proposes new ‘one stop shop’ data protection rules to safeguard consumers

July 2015 – NEWS: the EU's Justice Council has agreed on a definitive proposal for a General Data Protection Regulation. If approved, it would replace the old 1995 Data Protection Directive and introduce one law with one set of enforcement rules for the entire European Union. Read more...


Going it alone

August 2015 – FEATURE: The UK will hold a referendum on its EU membership in 2017. In-house counsel need to plan now for both outcomes as a matter of urgent risk management, argues Lucy Trevelyan. Read more...


Corporate sustainability

August 2015 – OPINION: Eduardo Reyes argues that in-house counsel can play a significant role in making good intentions reality in the field of business and human rights. Read more...


Q&A: Helen Hatton

August 2015 – FEATURE: Helen Hatton, former Deputy Director General of the Jersey Financial Services Commission, speaks to IBA Senior Reporter Rebecca Lowe about corporate secrecy and anonymous shell companies.  She is currently Managing Director of Sator Regulatory Consulting and Executive Chairman of KYC Worldwide, which offers advice on corporate governance and risk. Read more...


Banking scandals: Libor conviction a ‘watershed moment’ in the battle for cultural reform

August 2015 – NEWS: Tom Hayes is the first person to be charged and stand trial in the UK as a result of the Serious Fraud Office’s (SFO) ongoing criminal investigation into the manipulation of the London Interbank Offered Rate (LIBOR). The former derivatives trader at UBS and Citigroup was found guilty, by a jury, of eight counts of conspiracy to defraud. Read more...

 


At the heart of energy

May 2015 – FEATURE: In-House Perspective's Rebecca Lowe speaks to Jeffrey Collins, Senior Counsel for International Policy at Chevron. Jeffrey Collins spent 20 years as a US diplomat and human rights expert, before switching course to lead Chevron’s corporate social responsibility agenda. He spoke to In-House Perspective about the global challenges facing businesses and governments – and why he’ll never work at a law firm. Read more...


European Commission proposes capital markets union

May 2015 – NEWS: The European Commission (EC) has proposed a European capital markets union, intended to increase the flow of capital across the European Union (EU), encourage new types of venture and investment funding, and create a more stable financial system across all 28 Member States. Read more…


Time to confront cybercrime

May 2015 – OPINION: Cyber security is now a mainstream issue: it's time for in-house counsel to take charge of the issues and manage the risks, argues Eduardo Reyes. Welcome to the IT Crowd! Read more…


Playing by the book

May 2015 – FEATURE: Neil Hodge asks whether better enforcement of anti-bribery legislation could change attitudes to corruption and bring about changes in business practice. Read more…


Ad-blocking software wins round one of battle with German publishers

May 2015 – NEWS: A Hamburg court has ruled that the use of ad-blocking software does not amount to to an intentional unfair obstructin of a competitor under the German Unfair Competition Act. Two German media houses had asked the court to stop ad-blocking software from blocking their online adverts. Read more…


Social media: the evidential treasure trove

May 2015 – FEATURE: A Hamburg court has ruled that the use of ad-blocking software does not amount to to an intentional unfair obstructing of a competitor under the German Unfair Competition Act. Two German media houses had asked the court to stop ad-blocking software from blocking their online adverts. Read more…


Diversity: time to change the conversation

May 2015 – OPINION: Dina Medland argues that achieving cultural change throughout business, of which diversity is just one aspect, is more important than meeting targets. Read more…


Defending the voice

February 2015 – FEATURE:  Jeffrey Rich developed a taste for technology copyediting IT manuals as an English major. He went on to work as a senior legal adviser at two of the biggest social media companies in the world: Facebook and Twitter. In-House Perspective’s Rebecca Lowe talks to him about the legal challenges of the digital age. Read more...


Tax evasion and money laundering: EU negotiators agree terms for comprehensive beneficial ownership register

February 2015 – NEWS: In December 2014, negotiators for EU national governments and the European Parliament reached a compromise agreement on the terms for a fourth EU Anti-Money Laundering directive. If adopted, the directive will, for the first time, oblige the EU’s 28 member states to maintain central registers listing information on the ultimate beneficial owners of corporate and other legal entities, as well as trusts. Read more...


New benchmark to monitor corporate human rights records

February 2015 – NEWS: A diverse group of investors and corporate accountability campaigners have launched the first large scale project designed to rank companies on their human rights performance. Read more...


A win-win situation

February 2015 – OPINION: Competing outsourcing models have lowered the costs associated with hiring external legal services, and have put in-house counsel firmly in control, argues Eduardo Reyes. Read more...


Shareholder activism: the importance of maintaining a dialogue

February 2015 – FEATURE: Arthur Piper explores the nuanced relationship between companies and their owners against a backdrop of increasing investor activism. Read more...


Border crossing: working across jurisdictions

February 2015 – FEATURE: Lucy Trevelyan investigates the challenges encountered by in-house legal teams taking on cross-border work. Read more...


Getting your house in order

February 2015 – OPINION: Dina Medland warns that the emphasis placed on good corporate governance by business means lawyers are not exempt from scrutiny. Read more...


Banking on the future

October 2014 – FEATURE: Hugh Pugsley left behind a family law firm in Devon to become one of the leading in-house corporate lawyers in the UK. The General Counsel of Group Legal at Lloyds, and former UBS Executive Director, speaks to In-House Perspective about the need for a new style of back-to-basics banking in the wake of the financial crisis. Read more…


Knowns and unknowns: why legal risk matters

October 2014 – FEATURE: When it comes to risk management, the in-house legal team must keep one eye on emerging risk, while identifying and managing legal risk arising from day-to-day business operations, reports Arthur Piper. Read more…


Corporate crime: can lawyers be blamed?

October 2014 – FEATURE: It’s one thing to identify legal risk, it’s another to persuade colleagues to recognise and manage it. Neil Hodge considers the in-house lawyer’s position when advice goes unheard. Read more…


Paper Tiger

October 2014 – OPINION: To add value as the ‘corporate memory’, in-house lawyers need a more structured approach to knowledge management, argues Eduardo Reyes. Read more…


EU complainants demand more from Google in competition enquiry

October 2014 – NEWS: EU competition commissioner Joaquin Almunia has told a committee of the European Parliament that Google will have to improve its proposals for treating all companies equally in the way it displays internet search results. If it fails to do so, the Commission may impose a fine of up to 10 per cent of annual sales, which in Google’s case could
add up to a maximum of about $6 billion. Read more…


International regulators at odds on offering financial incentives to whistleblowers

October 2014 – NEWS: In September 2014 the US Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) awarded more than $30m to a whistleblower who provided it with information, which led to a successful enforcement action. In a statement, Andrew Ceresny, Director of the SEC’s Division of Enforcement, said: ‘This record-breaking award sends a strong message about our commitment to whistleblowers and the value they bring to law enforcement.’ Read more…


Whistleblower and GC alerted Tesco CEO to accounting issues

October 2014 – NEWS: On 23 October Tesco chairman Sir Richard Broadbent announced he would step down, after an independent investigation by Deloitte revealed the retailer had overstated its first-half profits by £263m – £13m more than was originally thought when Tesco first announced accounting irregularities on 22 September. The overstatement was brought to the attention of the board by a whistleblower and Tesco’s GC, highlighting the important role both can play in effective corporate governance. Read more…


An undeclared conflict of interest

August 2014 – OPINION: Dina Medland argues that combining the role of general counsel and company secretary could be more trouble than it’s worth. Read more...


Tough competition

July 2014 – FEATURE: Andrea Appella first visited London in 1992 for six months, but it was not long before he returned. Twenty years later he is still based there, having worked for MTV, Time Warner and News Corporation (now 21st Century Fox). In-House Perspective’s Rebecca Lowe talks to one of the world’s top competition lawyers about the challenges of operating in the digital age. Read more…


Doing the right thing: when ethics beat compliance

July 2014 – FEATURE: Companies must look beyond legal compliance to public perception and the potential for certain activities to damage their reputation. The use of suppliers operating in emerging economies demonstrates the need to go beyond the letter of the law. Neil Hodge reports. Read more...


Give and take: in-house teams can aid business success

July 2014 – FEATURE: Around the world, innovative corporate counsel are rolling out schemes to generate additional revenue for their employers. Richard Parnham explores a range of business models being developed. Read more...


The importance of managing cyber risk

July 2014 – OPINION: In-house lawyers must take a central role in ensuring a business’ cyber security is the best it can be, argues Eduardo Reyes. Read more...


Europe’s telecoms companies seek relaxation of EU competition rules

July 2014 – NEWS ANALYSIS: Across Europe, telecoms firms are waiting with bated breath for the European Commission’s verdict on Telefónica Germany’s bid to acquire Dutch company KPN’s German subsidiary, E-Plus. The verdict is due to be issued in July. Many believe that if regulators approve the deal, it could open the floodgates for a wave of consolidation in the sector. Read more...


Pfizer’s abortive AstraZeneca bid sparks renewed debate

May 2014 – NEWS ANALYSIS: US pharmaceutical company Pfizer’s bid for AstraZeneca has raised some familiar concerns over the rights and wrongs of takeover deals, concentrated on the impact the deal would have on British jobs. For the companies involved, however, the priority was to act within the confines of the law, and in the interests of their shareholders. Read more...


Europe calls for improved non-compliance explanations

July 2014 – NEWS ANALYSIS: The European Commission has published a recommendation on the quality of explanations that should be given for non-compliance with a member state’s governance code, where that code is applied on a ‘comply or explain’ basis. Read more...


News in brief

July 2014 – Google buys Divide; SEC is looking at ways to improve disclosure; Sir David Walker, Barclays Chair, identifies governance priorities. Read more...


Litigation costs: an oversight in corporate governance?

May 2014 – OPINION: Dina Medland argues that litigation costs could be symptomatic of lapses in corporate governance. Read more…


Has shareholder value had its day?

April 2014Anthony Hilton asks if shareholder value is still the best way for organisations to measure success at a time when business is trying to restore public trust. Read more...


Alibaba snubs Hong Kong’s onerous regulations in favour of New York listing

April 2014  Alibaba’s announcement in March that is was planning an IPO on Wall Street is more bad news for the Hong Kong Stock Exchange. Read more…


UK competition regime changes enable regulator to be more aggressive

April 2014 – The overhaul of the UK’s competition regime on 1 April sees the new regulator – the Competition and Markets Authority (CMA) – take on extended powers in relation to criminal cartels and dawn raids. Read more…


Women on boards: NED numbers up but executive positions overlooked

April 2014 – The latest research has found that the proportion of women on UK FTSE100 boards has topped 20 per cent for the first time. Yet, while more NED positions are now taken by women, there is still a distinct lack in executive appointments, which are vital to achieving equality on a long-term basis. Read more…


MiFID II regulations target commodity and algorithmic trading

April 2014 – On 14 January 2014, the European Parliament and the Council of Ministers informally agreed the rules for the Markets in Financial Instruments Directive (MiFID) II. Under the new rules, all systems that enable market players to buy and sell financial instruments have to operate as regulated markets. Read more...


Litigation moves in-house

April 2014 – With regulatory ‘dialogue’ and investigations acquiring the character of disputes, in-house litigation skills are growing – and with good reason, Eduardo Reyes notes. Read more...


Cybercrime: fighting an international threat

April 2014 – FEATURE: Cybercrime is costing the world economy up to $500bn a year, according to the US Center for Strategic and International Studies. Yet company defences and international cooperation remain dangerously inadequate. In-House Perspective’s Rebecca Lowe reports on a global problem crying out for a global solution. Read more…


The evolving role of the GC

April 2014 – FEATURE: Sam Chadderton considers how the role of general counsel is developing to take on a more commercial and strategic focus, and describes the skills in-house lawyers should develop to adapt to the change. Read more…


Getting board appointments right

April 2014 – FEATURE: Neil Hodge reports on the recent exposure in the UK of Paul Flowers, ex-chair of the Co-op Bank, as ill-equipped to lead a major bank, which has led to questions being raised over his appointment. Many have blamed the regulator, but is that fair, or should the bank have known better? Read more…


Going global: the spread of FATCA

April 2014 – FEATURE: Among the slew of regulatory initiatives that were instigated in the US in the aftermath of the 2008 financial crisis, FATCA stands out for its global implications. Ben Poole reports. Read more…


Back to basics

January 2014 – FEATURE: Mediation has long been underused as a form of dispute resolution. Now, however, dozens of global companies have signed a pledge to bring it into the heart of business practice. In-House Perspective’s Rebecca Lowe talks to lawyers determined to go back to basics. Read more…


Keeping pay in proportion

January 2014 – FEATURE: As regulators begin to lend legislative weight to their efforts to rein in executive pay, Neil Hodge explains the actions companies will be required to take in order to comply, and assesses whether the changes being introduced will have the desired effect. Read more…


Tool for change

January 2014 – FEATURE: Arthur Piper outlines the evolution of narrative reporting, assessing whether legislated disclosure on key topics can truly bring about a change in behaviour. Read more…


Why flexible working can work

January 2014Eduardo Reyes argues that with just a little bit of rethinking, flexible working can become part of a new way of working on legal projects, to the benefit of all involved. Read more…


Thinking outside the box

January 2014Mary Heaney explains why a review of the model for delivering in house legal services may be in order. Read more…


Women in the City recognises Vodafone GC for work on diversity

January 2014 – Women in the City has awarded Rosemary Martin, of Vodafone, its Women in the City, Legal Services award. Read more…


CSR on the agenda for general counsel

January 2014 – As greater emphasis is placed on CSR by business, in-house lawyers have expressed uncertainty over their role in achieving best practice. Read more…


Law firms should be beyond reproach, finds survey

January 2014 – An IBA survey of law firm clients, including general counsel, has highlighted concern over integrity risks at law firms. Read more…


ECLA forum highlights key issues for in house counsel

January 2014 – Issues of in-house legal professional privilege, independence from the board, professional ethics and the business of law were discussed at a recent European Company Lawyers Association (ECLA) forum. Read more…


IBA tax report links tax avoidance with human rights failings

January 2014 – An IBA report arguing that lawyers have a responsibility to consider human rights in relation to tax planning has highlighted the shifting perception of legal tax avoidance and the implications of this for the work of general counsel. Read more…


Head in the cloud

October 2013 – FEATURE: Rebecca Lowe talks to Benjamin Amaudric du Chaffaut, Google France’s Senior Legal Counsel, about life on the cutting edge of IP and data protection law. Read more...


Rolling the dice

October 2013 – FEATURE: Anthony Hilton considers the degree to which luck can be reconciled with risk management when it comes to the sound running of a business. Read more...


Taking on the regulators

October 2013 – FEATURE: Neil Hodge asks if the regulator is always right, and looks at what can be done if you think they are in the wrong. Read more...


Bribery and corruption: what really motivates compliance and enforcement?

October 2013 – A plethora of recent surveys have suggested that a large number of international businesses are not properly equipped to achieve compliance with the UK Bribery Act. Eduardo Reyes asks if these results are obscuring the real risks posed by the Act. Read more...


Commercially focused General Counsel aspire to board positions

October 2013 – The role of General Counsel is becoming increasingly commercial, with more in-house lawyers being asked for strategic business advice from senior colleagues, alongside legal advice. Mary Heaney explains why this is leading more GCs to have an eye on a seat at the boardroom table. Read more...


A wealth of insight on offer for corporate counsel in Boston

October 2013 – This year’s IBA annual conference, held in Boston, had much to offer in-house lawyers. Sessions focused on topical issues of concern, such as risk management, corporate social responsibility, dispute resolution, crisis management and safeguarding board members from individual liability. Read more...


GC role becoming more business-focused, less legal, according to recent surveys

October 2013 – Two recent surveys have reflected and bolstered growing sentiment that the role of General Counsel is becoming more strategic and business-focused. Read more...


UK headhunters face investigation as debate over diversity continues

October 2013 – The UK’s Business Secretary, Vince Cable, has launched a review into the election of candidates for Board-level executive positions.  The review comes in response to what is perceived as inadequate progress in achieving gender diversity at senior levels. Read more...


General Counsel most concerned about data risk, survey reveals

October 2013 – A survey by a US law firm has revealed that General Counsel rate data privacy as their number one risk priority. Read more...


Businesses move away from large firms in bid to cut costs

October 2013 –  A recent survey has found that more businesses are choosing to limit their use of ‘elite’ law firms as they come under pressure to control external spending. Read more...


Law and luxury in the age of austerity

July 2013 – FEATURE: Rebecca Lowe speaks to veteran of the luxury industry, Iolanda Tursi, about the challenges of her roles and the industry’s resilience in the face of austerity. Read more…


Inside an IPO

July 2013 – FEATURE: Neil Hodge reports on the best way for in-house lawyers to navigate the financial markets, with the assurance and compliance expertise that requires. Read more…


In-house humanitarians

July 2013 – FEATURE: The role of an in-house lawyer at an international NGO requires a balancing act on a social and legal tightrope. Sam Chadderton meets the in-house humanitarians. Read more…


Is your legal department becoming more like a law firm?

July 2013 – Legal-department spending on external law firms is, overall, flat, whereas in-house legal departments are growing, adding to both headcount and legal specialisms. Read more…
 


Data-gate puts general counsel on the frontline

July 2013 – If ever there was reason to review your corporate’s data storage and outsourcing arrangements, the data protection scandal which has just engulfed Google, Facebook, Apple and Microsoft would surely be the trigger. Read more…


ACC conference debates legal efficiency

July 2013 – Maintaining legal efficiency has become a key concern for general counsel in recent years, and is cited in one survey of US counsel as ‘being one of the top five business priorities keeping Chief Legal Officers up at night’. Read more…


The new normal

July 2013 – At the IBA’s Corporate Counsel Forum conference in Paris, in-house counsel consider how best to align their practices to the ‘new normal’. Speakers debated the role and management of legal departments. Michael Hughes, a regulatory deputy general counsel at Accenture in Paris, opened proceedings. Read more…
 


EU competition law at forefront in Paris

July 2013 – Following a welcome and introduction by Hervé Delannoy, General Counsel of Rallye, Paris, and President of the AFJE and Sylvia Khatcherian, MD at Morgan Stanley and immediate past chair of the IBA’s Legal Practice Division, the morning session at the Corporate Counsel Conference 2013 focused on recent developments in EU competition. Read more…
 


Professional privilege litigation remains a live issue in Europe’s courts

July 2013 – Following on from the EU’s Akzo Nobel  litigation, the Dutch and Belgian courts have distinguished the decision and established a right to legal professional privilege in their own case, whilst the UK has chosen not to extend the existing law to non-lawyers. Read more…
 


In-house counsel augment ranks to deal with growing rise in disputes

July 2013 – A survey by ‘Big Four’ accountancy practice, PwC, suggests businesses are seeking out specialist legal advisors to tackle a rise in international disputes. Read more…
 


Manager, monk, mastermind

April 2013 – FEATURE: When Jochen Zeitz was appointed CEO at Puma aged 29, he became the youngest person in German history to lead a publicly listed company. His revolutionary ideas on sustainability have since inspired business leaders across the world, including Richard Branson. Rebecca Lowe talks to a man determined to see that companies pay their way. Read more...


Blowing your cover

April 2013 – FEATURE: While many countries have enacted legislation to safeguard whistleblowers, and organisations have adopted policies to protect those who make potentially devastating disclosures, the reality remains that many whistleblowers still put their jobs – and sometimes their lives – in peril. Neil Hodge reports. Read more...


Counsel at the frontier

April 2013 – FEATURE: As the reach of business stretches ever further, in-house lawyers are facing up to an increasingly interconnected world. Scott Appleton finds out how counsel are faring  they venture into unfamiliar markets. Read more...


Lawyers will save our banks

April 2013 – If the question sounds facetious, it isn’t meant to: are in-house lawyers going to save the world’s banks? Eduardo Reyes finds out. Read more...


Lawyer-directors show their value

April 2013 –  In recent years, the clamour for lawyers to be included on corporate boards has grown louder and louder. What has the impact been now they’re getting their wish? Mary Heaney looks at the latest research. Read more...


Reynolds takes the helm with corporate counsel centre stage

April 2013 –  The IBA’s new president, Michael Reynolds, sees corporate counsel as important allies in securing his presidential objectives for the next two years, Ben Rigby reports. Read more...


In-house pay falls, but job opportunities rise

April 2013 –  A survey by UK recruitment consultants shows that pay packages for lawyers fell by five per cent last year, but the job market is gradually improving. Read more...


ABA relaxes rules for foreign in-house lawyers

April 2013 – A key IBA member organisation, the American Bar Association, has approved a measure enabling non-US in-house lawyers to work in the US for American multinationals. Read more...


Report urges General Counsel to take up e-Billing

April 2013 – A report, ‘Information Governance for Lawyers: Legal Spend Management’, written by Patrick Wilkins, editorial director of TalklawGlobal.com, incorporating EuropeanGC.com. and published by TalklawMedia.com in association with Wolters Kluwer TyMetrix, has called upon general counsel to make more use of advanced technology to help them with e-billing, e-discovery, and multi-jurisdictional hourly rate comparisons. Read more...
 


BT joins ABS revolution

April 2013 – With the creation of BT Law, British Telecom (BT) has taken a step into the alternative business structures (ABS) market, providing business-to-business legal advice. Read more...


C&I Group breaks step with Law Society

April 2013 – As Scotland’s in-house lawyers move closer to their Law Society, England & Wales’s move further apart. Read more...


Projecting global power

January 2013 – FEATURE: Financing and delivering the world’s biggest projects requires an Olympian undertaking in itself. Scott Appleton analyses a new world order in which few have the muscle to bring home the gold. European construction groups are increasingly looking beyond their domestic markets for opportunities, but finding new and more demanding commercial and legal issues as they spread around the world. Read more...


Principles over profits

January 2013 – FEATURE: IHP profiles Margaret Cole, UK General Counsel at PricewaterhouseCoopers. Margaret Cole took on the Maxwell family and BCCI during the corporate scandal era of the 1990s, before taking aim at insider dealing in the darkest days of the financial crisis. Rebecca Lowe talks to a litigator, regulator and general counsel determined to make a difference. Read more...


Workers of the world

January 2013 – FEATURE: Trade unions are cementing international cooperation with each other, through global umbrella organisations. Neil Hodge reports on the rise of the Global Union Federations. Companies and trades unions have never been the easiest of bedfellows. In many cases the relationship has been both combative and destructive. But recent developments in the world of unionism signal that, despite declining membership … Read more...


Moving on up

January 2013 – Career advancement is a perennial issue for the modern in-house counsel. Eduardo Reyes reflects on the key factors affecting advancement in the sector. I have touched on the issue of career management a few times in IHP. I am returning to it again here because it is the recurring challenge of life in-house … Read more...


A new year but not yet a new dawn

January 2013 – With the holiday season receding into distant memory, Mary Heaney looks at the trends that will shape the legal year to come, and beyond. A dash of futurology is a ‘must’ to bed in a new year. Thankfully Professor Richard Susskind has obliged with the launch of ‘Tomorrow’s Lawyers – An introduction to your future’. Read more...


VIDEO: Putting Ourselves in Their Shoes

January 2013 – ‘Putting Ourselves in Their Shoes: The Dialogue Table of Tintaya’ tells of the rising resentments among community members to the operations of Tintaya mine through the course of its government ownership and subsequent privatisation, and the way these came to a head when ownership passed to BHP Billiton. Read more...


VIDEO: "Making Monkey Business"

January 2013 – ‘Making Monkey Business: Building Company/Community Dialogue in the Philippines’ tells of a dispute resolution process involving communities that were impacted by the building of the Ambuklao and Binga dams in the Benguet Province of the Philippines. The mediated dialogue was facilitated by the Compliance Advisor/Ombudsman of the World Bank Group and the mediation was conducted by the Conflict Resolution Group in the Philippines. Read more...


In-house Lawyers ‘an essential strand of DNA’ for Scottish businesses

January 2013 – Who are the brands in-house counsel turn to most often? A recent survey shows some familiar names – and some challengers. A survey by the world’s leading provider of legal market research, Acritas, has placed Baker & McKenzie amongst the best recognised law firm brands alongside Freshfields, Linklaters, Clifford Chance and DLA Piper. Read more...

 


UK in-house lawyers see pay slip below inflation

January 2013 – Lawyers working for British companies saw below-average pay increases during 2012, according to a respected market research company. The report, published by Incomes Data Services (IDS), showed that salaries had risen by 2.7 per cent in the year to September 2012, during which time inflation was averaging 3.7 per cent. Read more...


Battle of the brands

January 2013 – Who are the brands in-house counsel turn to most often? A recent survey shows some familiar names – and some challengers. A survey by the world’s leading provider of legal market research, Acritas, has placed Baker & McKenzie amongst the best recognised law firm brands alongside Freshfields, Linklaters, Clifford Chance and DLA Piper. Read more...

 


Report shines a light on Australian GCs

January 2013 – A report, jointly authored by the University of Technology, Sydney (UTS), and the Australian Corporate Lawyers Association (ACLA), has explored the changing environment for lawyers to Australia’s largest companies. Read more...


In-house lawyers take centre stage

November 2012 - While in-house lawyers were prominent throughout the IBA Annual Conference programme, two were particularly in view at this year’s conference in Dublin. Jean-Claude Najar – the Senior Chair of the IBA’s Corporate Counsel Forum (CCF) – received an Outstanding Achievement award, presented by John Beechey, the chairman of the ICC’s International Court of Arbitration, in recognition of Najar’s dedication to corporate counsel issues. Read more...

 


Immigration remains a key focus at IBA Dublin for corporate counsel and HR staff

November 2012 - With a number of sessions aimed at sharing knowledge so that global talent is truly transferable, in-house lawyers presented a range of solutions to suit their needs. In one session, Julia Onslow-Cole, leading immigrations specialist with PwC Legal, described a recent PwC survey which stressed that having the right talent in the right place was a major requirement for growth. Relocation was thus a key factor in ‘ensuring effective global mobility solutions to support such growth’. Read more...


CCF Chair hails successful IBA Dublin conference

November 2012 - In-House Perspective caught up with the Corporate Counsel Forum’s Chair, Catherine Muldoon, at the IBA Annual Conference. It may have lacked the heat, glitz and glamour of Dubai, but those attending the Dublin conference – approximately 5,000 lawyers, with in-house representation amongst them – enjoyed a traditional warm Irish welcome, an extensive, if exhausting, social programme, and conference sessions in which issues pertinent to global general counsel were very much to the fore. Read more...


Is the billable hour dead?

November 2012 - An IBA Law Firm Management Committee debate at the Annual Conference in Dublin suggests that support for hourly rates is falling. Ori Wiener of Møller PSF Group, a former head of Business Development at Linklaters, noted that law firm margins are under increasing pressure, due to rising market competition and increasing success by corporate counsel in procuring external legal services. Read more...


Corporate counsel spending is on the rise…

November 2012 - The strengthening position of corporate counsel saw increases in legal spend both internally and externally, with non-US legal spend having increased considerably, a survey has found. IHP has reported previously on the tensions caused by alternative fee arrangements, as well as the challenges faced by in-house counsel in managing budgets. Now, it seems, boards are backing their lawyers with a gradual increase in spend. Read more...


Getting serious about sanctions

November 2012 - Banks have paid billions of dollars in fines for breaching US sanctions regulations in recent years. As sanctions continue to ratchet up across the world, Rebecca Lowe asks if companies are doing enough to stay on the right side of the law. Between them, HSBC, Barclays, ING, Lloyds, ABN Amro, Credit Suisse and Standard Chartered have paid out over $3bn in fines for recent sanctions and money laundering offences. Read more...


What’s in a name?

November 2012 - Do businesses now need both a Head of Legal and a General Counsel? Eduardo Reyes finds out. A decade ago, a growing number of corporate counsel in charge of the legal function in businesses were becoming used to the title of ‘General Counsel’ – replacing as it did ‘Head of Legal’. While hardly a matter of everyday concern, debates over which title best suited the role did arise. Read more...


From shareholders to paymasters

November 2012 - Will the financial crisis finally give shareholders control over the pay packages of their executives? Neil Hodge considers the latest proposals to boost accountability at the top. After five years of recession or continual slow growth, there is nothing more contentious than rising executive pay while employee numbers are cut and profits and share prices tumble. Read more...


ECJ denies standing to in-house lawyers

November 2012 - With its dismissal of the appeal in the case of Prezes Urz du Komunikacji Elektronicznej v Commission, the EU’s highest court has confirmed that in-house lawyers have no standing to bring a case before them. Ben Rigby reports. The conclusion of the Prezes case before the European Court of Justice (ECJ) has led to consternation from general counsel, who find themselves denied standing at the EU’s top court. Read more...


Taking the fall

November 2012 - A worrying trend is seeing in-house lawyers frequently in the crosshairs of regulators looking for someone to blame, writes Mary Heaney. Corporate counsel are increasingly finding themselves under the spotlight as the government, regulators and even opposing counsel look for fall guys, the Association of Corporate Counsel (ACC) stated at its annual convention in Orlando in October. Read more...


'The Only Government We See': Building Company/Community Dialogue in Nigeria

November 2012 - 'The Only Government We See' tells the story of the negotiation of General Memoranda of Understanding (GMOUs) between Chevron and communities in the Niger Delta around its facilities. The process began after violent conflict in the region in 2003 led to the withdrawal of the company and the destruction of property, including schools and hospitals the company had built for communities. The film describes the new approach to dialogue with communities that the company adopted on its return, based on full participation and joint partnership. Read more...