Committee publications

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The digitisation of central bank currencies among the major economies – the current landscape

To date, the central banks of approximately 65 countries are in some stage of initiating or developing a programme of digitising their central bank currencies. This digitisation has the potential to minimise costs in cross-border transactions, increase financial inclusion and improve the efficiency of monetary policy implementation. This article details the programmes among the world’s major economies.

Released on Jul 21, 2021

Common reasons for study permit refusals in Canada

This article outlines common reasons that study permit applications are refused by Canadian IRCC officers, the judicial review process for foreign students who wish to dispute the decision made on their application, and how the courts ensure procedural fairness.

Released on Jul 16, 2021

The post-Brexit era: where are we now?

Individuals and organisations alike are getting to grips with how the immigration landscape has changed in a post-Brexit era. EEA nationals will now be treated like non-EEA nationals and will require immigration status to live and work in the UK. This article provides answers to some of the questions that organisations may have concerning the changes to immigration status.

Released on Jul 16, 2021

EU nationals in the UK: an unseen pandemic in already uncertain times

This article argues that an unseen pandemic is affected EU nationals wishing to make the UK their home: the need to obtain immigration permission under the EUSS. A lack of information or communication during the Covid-19 pandemic has resulted in hundreds of thousands of EU nationals failing to apply for the correct status, therefore putting their access to various rights in jeopardy.

Released on Jul 16, 2021

The acquisition of Turkish citizenship through the purchase of real estate

New amendments to the Turkish Citizenship Law concerning the reduction of monetary limits means the purchasing of real estate has become a preferred method for foreigners in Turkey to acquire Turkish citizenship. This article outlines the acquisition of Turkish citizenship through this exceptional avenue.

Released on Jul 16, 2021

New pathways to international protection: Emergency Evacuation Visas

This article advocates for the adoption and endorsement of Emergency Evacuation Visas (EEVs), and argues that EEVs are a necessary and urgent contribution to the problems facing direct and legal access to asylum and resettlement worldwide.

Released on Jul 16, 2021

Supporting Neurodiversity in the Workplace

Until recently, neurodivergent individuals are likely to have been treated in a different and unfair way, which causes disempowerment, discrimination and unequal life opportunities. There is still a long way to go in terms of tackling the stigma. However, companies are becoming increasingly aware that great minds think differently, and that employing people who are neurodiverse can be a huge competitive advantage.

Released on Jul 14, 2021

ERF D&I European Legal Sector Article

Equality, Diversity and Inclusion (ED&I) is a topic that is increasingly becoming part of core business strategy, no longer simply an issue for HR to consider. With increasing evidence that ED&I directly contributes to business outperformance, many business leaders today are looking to up their game in this space. How can we afford not to take this agenda seriously?

Released on Jul 14, 2021

Transfer pricing update: report on a session at the 10th IBA London Finance and Capital Markets Virtual Tax Conference

The panel examined two court decisions: the US Tax Court case decision in Coca-Cola, ruled on 18 November 2020, and the Impresa Pizzarotti decision by the Court of Justice of the European Union on 9 October 2020. The OECD Transfer Pricing Guidance on Financial Transactions were also addressed.

Released on Jul 12, 2021

M&A update: IBA Finance and Capital Markets Tax Virtual Conference 2021

A report on a conference session at the 10th annual IBA Finance and Capital Markets Tax Virtual Conference 2021. The panel discussed the current trends in merger and acquisition (M&A) structuring and taxation from a multi-jurisdictional perspective, focusing on Europe, the United Kingdom and United States.

Released on Jul 12, 2021

A brief introduction to China’s cash pooling regime

Released on Jul 12, 2021

Update on Class Actions in Australia

Australia’s class action regime has been in effect for over 25 years and is generally considered to be a balanced and very well-functioning system. However, over the last few years, some issues arising have caused disruptions, costly satellite disputes and some very strong partisan political interventions. These issues were mostly around the involvement of third-party litigation funders and multiple law firms vying for the ‘prize’ of running competing class actions.

Released on Jul 9, 2021

Independent directors: changing roles

The article provides the author’s view on the amendments proposed by the Indian Securities Exchange Board of India pursuant to the Consultation Paper on Review of Regulatory Provisions related to independent directors.

Released on Jul 8, 2021

Contractors Beware - Strict Compliance with Notice Requirements Following Maeda v Bauer

Whether or not a contractor or sub-contractor has complied with a contractual claim notification provision is often a highly contested issue in construction disputes given its potential to be determinative of the parties’ claims. The Hong Kong Court of Appeal’s recent judgment in Maeda Corp v Bauer Hong Kong, which adopts arguably the strictest approach to claim notification provisions among common law jurisdictions, should therefore be of interest to contractors and sub-contractors operating under Hong Kong law and other common law governed construction contracts. This article provides an overview of the dispute before considering its practical implications for contractual drafting and the performance of construction contracts.

Released on Jul 6, 2021

Indian Competition Law: a Comprehensive Analysis of MSMEs and Bid Rigging

The Punjab Haryana and Delhi Chamber of Commerce and Industry, India (PHDCCI) held an illuminating webinar on ‘Competition Law – Recent Developments and Impacts’, on 3 March 2021, covering areas of competition law in India, new trends emerging and their effect on the market. The practices with respect to competition law among micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) are not currently well understood and need to be looked at more closely to improve understanding and engender a better competitive climate in the Indian market.

Released on Jul 6, 2021

A Game Changer in the Indonesian Investment Realm

The Indonesian government is committed to a campaign to increase investment into Indonesia, by, among others, improving the ease of doing business by carefully planned initiatives aimed at reform in the investment climate. To prove its commitment, one significant breakthrough is through the issuance of an umbrella regulation, the so-called Omnibus Law, that cuts down on bureaucratic red tape and streamlines the investment process.

Released on Jul 6, 2021

General counsel on harnessing technology to alleviate poverty

The social and financial impact of Covid-19 has led to one of the biggest shake-ups the not-for-profit sector has seen in decades. As the pandemic continues to raise a plethora of challenges, general counsel are finding innovative ways to ensure vulnerable communities get the support they so desperately need. Ruth Green reports.

Released on Jul 2, 2021

50/50 by 2030: barriers to gender parity in senior legal positions

Following the launch of the IBA 50/50 by 2030 project on gender parity in senior legal positions, Jennifer Venis spoke to senior female lawyers about what they expect the project will find.

Released on Jul 1, 2021

Law firms as drivers of sustainable boards

Boards of directors face growing concerns about business resilience and sustainability. Law firms play a crucial role in providing the type of advice corporates need and society deserves, while help shape the environmental, social and governance agenda for the future.

Released on Jun 30, 2021

Russian regulation of cryptocurrency and digital financial assets

Two new concepts of ‘digital financial assets’ and ‘digital currency’ were introduced into Russian legislation on 1 January 2021. These (1) provide for a legal basis for the turnover of digital assets under Russian law; and (2) are aimed at placing cryptocurrencies under governmental control in Russia.

Released on Jun 30, 2021

The EU’s draft regulation on artificial intelligence (part 1)

The first part of this analysis encompasses the AI Act’s scope, as well as prohibited AI practices, AI systems needing higher level of transparency and those subject to voluntary compliance. The second part will be published in the next volume of the Technology Law eBulletin, and will concentrate on high-risk AI systems and the outlined set of requirements for them.

Released on Jun 25, 2021

Indian data laws that made the headlines

This article discusses the technology and data related developments which made headlines recently and have the potential of changing the way companies do business in India.

Released on Jun 24, 2021

Open banking and emerging opportunities for Fintechs in Nigeria

Open banking is an emerging financial services model that focuses on the portability and open availability of customer data held by financial institutions. With the growth of financial technology (‘fintech’) companies, open banking may lead to a situation where a customer banking with multiple institutions can manage their accounts from a centralised location without having to check out from one system to another.

Released on Jun 24, 2021

20 years of Argentinian privacy law: its current status and what to expect

Released on Jun 24, 2021

China issues new foreign investment security review measures

Released on Jun 24, 2021

Domain names- still a (very) appreciated digital asset

It has been more than 20 years since companies, organisations and individuals began to build their digital identities around a domain name. That made sense in the late 1990s, when domain names were the natural extension of well-established brands and search engines and other digital tools were not as developed as they are now.

Released on Jun 24, 2021

Telemedicine in Spain today: regulatory and ethical challenges

This article’s focus is a very simple concept: telemedicine, which enables services normally performed by healthcare professionals to be accomplished by remote means with the support of information and communication technologies (ICT)

Released on Jun 24, 2021

Editor's note - Technology Law Committee

A message from the Editor of the Technology Committee from the June 2021 eBulletin.

Released on Jun 24, 2021

The EU’s new standard contractual clauses – ensuring international data transfers?

Transferring personal data from the European Union to third countries is riskier than ever. With its Schrems II decision (16 July 2020 – C-311/18), the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) closed many loopholes and postulated a strict assessment of the laws of the importing country.

Released on Jun 24, 2021

The perspective of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court on the right to be forgotten

Everyone has something in their life that they would like to simply erase from their memories. However, it is undeniable that while living in the information era and with today’s technology this may be difficult, as everything is recorded and registered and information spreads almost instantaneously around the world. The Brazilian Federal Supreme Court recently positioned itself with regards to the right to be forgotten.

Released on Jun 24, 2021